A very powerful occasion within the Indian 12 months is the monsoon. India is an agricultural nation, and the 12 months’s crops depend upon the character of the wet season. An excellent monsoon means prosperity, however an extra of rain means damaging floods, and the failure of the monsoon spells drought and famine. The monsoon or commerce winds, attain India concerning the month of June. Coming as they do over hundreds of miles of sea, they’re laden with moisture; and after they meet the cool heights of the Western Ghats, and later the Himalayas, clouds type, which quickly condense in heavy rain.
In monsoon, the wet season continues till concerning the finish of September. How eagerly the monsoon is seemed for! Earlier than it breaks, the warmth is well-nigh insupportable. Day after day the solar blazes down from an unclouded sky. The bottom is baked and parched, the air is just like the blast of a furnace, in lots of locations water is scarce, and males and animals gasp and pant within the coronary heart. Finally a thunder-storm rolls up from the south-west and, with lightning, thunder and wind, the welcome rain pours down.
The change is nearly magical. The air turns into delightfully cool and moist; the solar’s warmth is daily moderated by clouds; the dry, parched land is shortly coated with inexperienced vegetation; and life turns into bearable. Besides, nevertheless, when it’s really raining, it’s nonetheless sizzling within the wet season; however the warmth shouldn’t be fierce and dry, however steamy and sticky. The farmers now start to be busy, sloughing and exhibiting the rain-soaked land for the kharif, or autumn, corps. The wet season, although a pleasing reduction from the fierce warmth, has its disadvantages. Swarms of bugs seem, flying ants, flies, mosquitoes, and so forth., which frequently make life a burden. And the mosquitoes, bred by the million within the standing swimming pools, deliver malarial fever with them. And different extra horrible ailments, like cholera, work havoc among the many poor. However the peasants a lot choose to place up with these inconveniences than a failure of the rains, which implies famine.