Secrets of the Bible – The Rivers of Eden

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  • October 17, 2019
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The Riddle:

“A river watering the backyard flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into 4 headwaters. The identify of the primary is Pishon; it winds by the whole land of Havilah the place there’s gold. (The gold of that land is nice; fragrant resin and onyx are additionally there). The identify of the second river is Gihon; it winds by the whole land of Cush. The identify of the third river is Tigris; it runs alongside the east facet of Asshur…And the fourth river is the Euphrates.”

(Genesis, 2 / 10-14)

The situation of the Eden as delineated by the ebook of Genesis all the time places the reader unsure. Particularly a researcher all the time retains pondering, the best way to admit that Pishon, Gihon, Tigris and Euphrates rivers are the branches of a single giant river flowing on the identical land. The researchers and students of the previous testaments have strained each nerve to get the reply however it’s nonetheless insoluble although 3400 years have handed. The riddle couldn’t be answered except we attain its roots and discover out the essential supply, so it’s essential to know in regards to the fundamental supply of the thought of the river of Heavens which was offered by the Vedic faith.

The Vedic Thought:

We discover the traditional most and fundamental idea of the rivers of heavens in Vedic faith in response to which one giant river is split into seven branches. In accordance with Maha-Purana, the non secular ebook of Hindus, Ganga (the central water-course of heavens) reached the earth (from the Paradise i.e. Himalaya) and divided into seven water heads. The next names of the seven streams have been talked about in Rig-Veda:

a. The Shatudri (Current River Sutlej).

b. The Vipas (Current River Bias).

c. The Ervati (Current River Ravi).

d. The Chandrabhaga (Current River Chenab).

e. The Vatishta (Current River Jhelum).

f. The Sarsvati (In all probability it was River Hakra of previous days).

g. The Sindhus (Current Nice River Indus).

All of those rivers have been flowing in historic land of India i.e. Pakistan and as a consequence of which the land has been named as Sapat Sindus (land of seven rivers) by Vedas. There may be one other stream known as Ganga (the stream of Heavens) within the current day India, however in response to chronicles, the true Ganga was Sindhus (river Indus). Pandit Kalhan wrote a well-known ebook Raj Tarangini about 9 hundred years in the past, wherein he considers River Indus as Ganga, the stream of Heavens. Since historic instances, river Indus had been thought-about to be the principle river of India and remainder of the rivers have been identified to be its tributaries, as a consequence of which, it’s known as Abasain, that means the daddy of rivers. Absolutely, the followers of Vedic faith thought-about river Indus to be the principle stream of Heavens and the remainder of the six rivers to be its tributaries. River Indus known as Olympus in Indian mythology. In accordance with the Vedic legends, the heaven of God Shiva was someplace close to this river. The traditional folks of Indus civilization assumed that the supply of this river is in Kilasha in western Tibet. Amazingly, the phrase Kilasha means heavens in Vedic Sanskrit and Hindi languages.

The Reply To The Riddle:

The author of the ebook of Genesis modified the idea of Vedic faith. He not solely transformed the variety of heaven’s streams from seven to 4 but in addition modified their names. Why he did so? Clearly he had some goals in his thoughts and he needed to cover the situation of heavens. That’s the reason he evades giving particulars in regards to the land of heavens within the ebook of Genesis. He additionally begins the story of Adam and Eve from the Backyard of Eden as a substitute of Heavens. Nevertheless by a stroke of fine luck, he not solely mentions the right geographical location of the true streams of heavens i.e. Kashmir, but in addition the mineral traits of its land which enabled me to get some clues to determine the Bible’s rivers of Eden with the next evidences:

a. The First River Pishon (Linguistic Proof)

The Bible made it clear that there was one primary river which was divided into 4 streams. The identify of that river just isn’t talked about, however likely it was Pishon. Allow us to study the linguistic supply of this phrase. Pishon is little doubt the Vedic Sanskrit phrase Paiswan, which additionally means river or stream. This linguistic reference is a transparent proof that the author of the ebook of Genesis borrowed the idea of the streams of Heavens from the traditional Indo-Aryan tribes. He intentionally struck off the identify of Indus and talked about it as Pishon. The Vedic faith says that the origin of river Ganga (Indus) is heaven. The bodily place to begin of the river Indus is called as Kailasha, that means Heavens. Alternatively, the author of the ebook of Genesis says, “A river watering the backyard flowed from Eden.” Right here he intentionally modified the identify of the place to begin of the river i.e. Kailasha, Ganga or Heaven to Eden to be able to put the geographical places unsure.

b. The Land of Havilah (Geographical Proof)

In accordance with the ebook of Genesis, Pishon surrounds the land of Havilah. This Havilah is little doubt Himalaya (Himala). In all probability, he deliberately modified the phrase Himalaya to Havilah to be able to distort details and conceal the identification of the land of heavens. Nevertheless, if the Havilah of the ebook of Genesis is Himalaya, then now we have to ponder as to which river surrounds the land of Havilah (Himalaya)? It’s in fact river Indus, which lies behind the lofty Himalayan mountain vary and travels 160 miles in direction of north-west and taking river Ghar together with it, enters Kashmir Valley. It travels in direction of Ladakh from Kashmir and from Ladakh it enters a go behind the gorgeous valley of Skardu. Many small rivers and streams maintain merging into it, until it reaches Gilgit. Three nice mountain ranges of the world, i.e. Himalaya, Hindukush and Karakoram merge into one another at Gilgit in Pakistan. So there is no such thing as a doubt that the river Indus of Pakistan (historic India) is the one river that virtually winds by the whole land of Himalaya.

c. The River of Gold (Proof from Chronicles)

The ebook of Genesis calls the land of Himalaya because the land of Havilah and tells us that gold of matchless high quality is discovered on this land. After studying this assertion, our supposition turns into conviction that Pishon is definitely the river Indus, because the authors, historians, geographers and vacationers of historic instances all the time known as river Indus the river of gold. On this regard, the daddy of historical past, Herodotus has written a narrative that he heard from the native folks. Whereas discussing a northern department of historic Indians, in all probability the current Pakhtuns or Paktuikes (Pathans), he says that they have been extra war-like as in comparison with the remainder of the Indians. He writes: these are the individuals who carry sacks of gold mud from the sandy deserts of this district (northern India). Nice ants are discovered on the sandy seashores of river Indus. These ants are extraordinarily harmful and bodily smaller than a canine, however larger than fox. They dig gold mud out of the sandy deserts, whereas making holes to stay. Indians journey on their camels to gather the gold mud and fill their sacks. They accumulate this gold mud on afternoon as it is vitally scorching at the moment and the ants retire to their furrows to relaxation. So these Indians rapidly fill-up their sacks with the gold mud and run away from there as quick as they’ll (because the ants could come out of their holes and eat them up). Herodotus was additionally advised by the native folks that a few of these ants have been captured and so they have been being held captive by the Per
sian king. The aim of spreading this story is obvious. The traditional Indians supposed to make the foreigners afraid of the damaging ants in order that they could not come to the seashores of river Indus to gather the gold mud and thus proceed to rent the companies of the locals on this regard. Whereas explaining the main points of tribute paid by international locations conquered by the Persian King Darius-I,(520-BC to 486-BC), Herodotus additionally says, The Indians who’re extra quite a few than all the opposite now we have seen paid greater than another folks, specifically 360 skills of gold mud (equal to 4680 unusual skills).

It’s mentioned that the gold mud used to come back to the valleys and banks of river Indus together with the melted glaciers and icebergs in summer season. Thus the principle supply of gold mud was the good Himalaya. That is the rationale why, in Hindi, the phrase Him means Gold in addition to Himalaya Mountain. River Indus was known as The River of Gold as a result of the good Himalaya gifted it with the gold mud by its melting glaciers and icebergs.

d. Historic Proof

European scholar, Professor Karl Jetmar (Heidelberg College of Western Germany) is of the opinion that the river of gold is the river Indus and folks sifting gold from sand can nonetheless be seen at their work. (Translated from the ebook, Karakoram Hindukush, Urdu model, referred by Manzoom Ali, Printed by Barq Sons Ltd. Islamabad) In the identical ebook, Pakistani scholar and archaeologist, Professor A.H. Dani writes, the attribute of this space (the higher valley of Indus) had been sifting gold from sand and the folks of Sonewal tribe nonetheless take curiosity on this work. There may be one other fascinating reference in the identical ebook, by Professor Dr. Maximilian Culumborg of division of Arts, College of California, Los Angeles (USA): “the traditional residents of the higher valley of Sindh have been goldsmiths or merchants of Gold. The current Durd tribes have descended from the identical race. These tribes are inhabited within the huge space of Northern Pakistan. Well-known Greek geographers Ptolemy, Strabo and Paleni have been properly knowledgeable in regards to the Durds. They’ve named these folks as Durdae, Durda or Durday and in response to Paleni; that they had huge sources of gold.”

e. The Land of Valuable Stones & Jewels

The author of the ebook of Genesis additionally mentions the huge sources of fragrant resin and onyx within the land of Havilah. The picturesque valleys of Center-Asia together with Baltistan, Gilgit, Kohistan, Yarqand, Skardu, Hunza, Haramosh Nagar, Diamar and Chitral and so on have all the time been well-known for treasured stones since instances unknown. Valuable stones like Topaz, Ruby, Emerald, Turquoise, Purple Ruby and Sapphires are nonetheless present in these valleys. Particularly, the Neelam valley of Kashmir was known as Dar-Awah (Drawah) by the traditional folks. This phrase belongs to the Persian language (Indo-Iranian) which suggests the door of treasures. Within the historic period, India was additionally known as the golden sparrow by the invaders.

So within the mild of those evidences there stays little doubt that the Pishon of the Bible is definitely the river Indus of current day Pakistan.

The Second River Gihon:

The ebook of Genesis names the second river of Eden as Gihon. Gihon is identical river that flows from the current day Turkistan to Afghanistan. Right here the author as soon as once more deliberately creates doubt in regards to the location of heavens however there is no sort of Cush tribe dwelling apart from the river Gihon as he claimed. Thus to be able to unveil the reality, I’ll focus on the Bible’s land of Cush first.

The Land of Cush:

The legend of Kashmir valley relates that, to start with, the valley was lined with the waters of a mighty lake on which the goddess Parvati sailed in a pleasure-boat from Haramukh mountain within the north, to the Konsanag lake within the south. In her honor, the lake was often known as the Satisar or “The lake of the virtuous girl”. The countryside was harassed by a demon identified by the identify of Jaldeo. Rishi Cusheepa got here to rescue and with the assistance of God, struck the mountains at Baramula. The waters of the lake rushed out. The Rishi or Muni Cusheepa based a kingdom on the positioning of lake.

The tribe that descended from Rishi Cusheepa was known as the Cush tribe. The phrase Kashmir has been derived from the identify of the ancestor of the Cush tribe, Cusheepa. The phrase Kashmir is likely the distorted type of phrase Cusheep-Pura (town of Cusheepa). The well-known Greek geographer Ptolemy named it as Casperia which is an apparent Greek pronunciation of the phrase Cusheep-Pura. A Chinese language traveler of 631 A.D wrote its identify as Kia-She-Me-Lo, and it seems to be the Chinese language pronunciation of Cusheep-Pura. Pandit Kalhan who wrote the Sanskrit ebook Raj-Tarangini in 1148 A.D, additionally names Kashmir because the land of Cusheep. Therefore this declare of the author of the ebook of Genesis is incorrect that Gihon of Turkistan winds by the whole land of Cush. Now the query that naturally comes into thoughts is that which river flows by the whole land of Cush, the Kashmir? Little doubt it’s the identical river which is called as Vitasta by the Indian Vedas and which was graecized into Hydaspes by Alexander’s historians, however extra appropriately as Bidaspes by Ptolemy, whereas in fashionable Kashmir it is named Veth. Nevertheless, in Punjab it’s named as river Jhelum. The river Jhelum bodily winds by the whole land of Cush tribe and it’s the identical river that’s given the identify of Gihon by the author of the ebook of Genesis to cover some historic details which will likely be unveiled within the upcoming articles.

The Third River Tigris:

The ebook of Genesis names the third river of Eden as Tigris and tells that this river flowed within the path to the east of Asshur. This Tigris is identical river that flows within the land of Iraq. Throughout the period when the ebook of Genesis was written, an important kingdom of Asshur was located on the northern shore of the Tigris River. However it’s also a reality {that a} nation by the identify of Asshur resided in India in historic instances. A holy ebook of Indians, Sat Pat Brahman narrates it as follows:

“Devta and Asshura got here out of Parjapati (creator of universe) and lived collectively. However Asshura thought in his satisfaction that why ought to we current the providing to anybody. Due to this fact, they began maintaining the providing of their mouth.”

The Fourth River Euphrates:

The author of the ebook of Genesis additionally included the identify of river Euphrates within the streams of Heavens. The purpose to ponder is, the author has defined the situation of Eden’s first three rivers, however has not advised us the situation of river Euphrates. It is clear that he himself and his tribe have been inhabited beside this river and have been consuming its water. Thus his personal tribe, for whom he was writing the ebook of Genesis, didn’t have to know the situation of Euphrates River. His primary goal was to inform his nation that they have been additionally benefiting from a stream of Heavens.

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