Oct 17, 2019
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The Ummah at War With Itself

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The ummah is at warfare with itself. What different approach is there to explain the brutal bloodletting by Muslims of Muslims in Syria, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Afghanistan, Turkey, and, in fact, Pakistan.

To be honest, the ummah has not mattered for a very long time to the governments or peoples of Muslim lands. State-to-state relations amongst Muslim nations have been astonishingly unbiased of spiritual identification. They’ve depended as an alternative upon perceived self-interest, home politics and the whims of rulers. Simply have a look at the proof.

Pakistan was created on a spiritual premise. However, within the days of Suez Disaster of 1956, Pakistan’s place was nebulous. It refused to facet with Gamal Abdel Nasser after he nationalized the Suez Canal and threw out the British. Then again, India was lively within the Non-Aligned-Motion, totally pro-Arab, and loud in assist of liberating Palestine. To point out gratitude, King Saud bin Abdul Aziz paid a state go to to India and declared that Indian Muslims have been being handled nicely. There was outrage throughout Pakistan. Newspapers exploded in anger when Jawaharlal Nehru, on his return go to to Riyadh, was greeted by the king and with road banners in Riyadh bearing the slogan rasul-ul-salam (messenger of peace).

Daybreak’s editorial of Dec 1, 1956, bitterly castigated the Arabs and “Nasser’s hatred of Pakistan, and love of Bharat and its Nehru”. It went on to counsel that such sensate bias and blind prejudice “could be examined by psychiatrists”. In different phrases, the Arab world’s biggest hero of the second was denounced as loopy.

As we speak, Pakistan has disputes with each its Muslim neighbors, Afghanistan and Iran. Iran sometimes lobs artillery shells over to Pakistan, as does Afghanistan. Pakistan has reciprocated with its artillery, whereas PAF jets introduced down an Iranian drone final month. Mockingly, Pakistan has wonderful relations with one in all its neighbors – China, a communist state that has banned the beard and burqa in its solely Muslim-dominated province. India has good relations with each Iran and Afghanistan. And, India’s commerce with China far exceeds Pakistan’s commerce with China.

It isn’t simply Pakistan. The Muslim monarchies of Saudi Arabia and Qatar, each Wahabi, are virtually at warfare with one another now. Teeny tiny Qatar, say the Saudis, is appearing too huge for its boots and can’t conduct its personal overseas coverage. Qatar has dismissed the Saudi-UAE demand to shut down Al Jazeera, the Arab world’s solely unbiased information supply. In response, all Qataris and their households, in addition to 15,000 dancing Qatari camels, have been expelled from Saudi Arabia.

Final 12 months, Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian award was conferred upon Hindu Fundamentalist Narendra Modi by King Salman. The Saudi king left Kashmir and pellet weapons unmentioned.

Saudi Arab’s warfare on Yemen reveals the vacancy of the ummah notion. Directed in opposition to one of many world’s poorest Muslim nations, it has to date killed 7,600 and wounded 42,000 Muslims. Most casualties have resulted from air strikes of the Saudi-led multinational coalition. Pakistan has proven little concern. I’ve but to see a single TV information report or night discuss present discussing the Yemen warfare.

Ending Israeli occupation of Palestine was as soon as the ummah’s grandest trigger that lower by the Shia-Sunni divide. However now, Saudi Arabia is quick nearing rapprochement with Israel. Each nations see Iran because the larger enemy. After the failed Arab Spring, Sisi’s Egypt and the Gulf’s monarchies worry Iran as an insurrectionary energy and like to work with Israel. Palestine is unmentioned.

The place does this go away the Group of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), whose job is to deliver collectively and symbolize the ummah? Based mostly in Saudi Arabia, it has 57 member states and calls itself “the collective voice of the Muslim world.” The OIC has had nothing to say about wars which have consumed Syria, Iraq, Libya, or Yemen. Neither is it related to every other battle between Muslim states or that inside them. It has but to present a single cent to determined refugees who, as an alternative, should depend on the West.

Pakistan purchased into the OIC fantasy early on. However the euphoria of the 1974 Lahore assembly organized by ZAB has gone with the wind. What’s left is the magnificent flag-adorned constructing on the Structure Avenue in Islamabad that serves as Comstech, the best scientific physique of the OIC, for which Pakistan pays the lion’s share of its working bills.

Comstech is charged with selling science throughout the ummah. This can be a futile and misplaced effort as a result of science doesn’t have a faith. Add to this the abysmal high quality of science in Muslim nations (with Turkey and Iran solely partly excluded). Prime minister Suhrawardy as soon as famously remarked, “zero plus zero plus zero is in spite of everything nonetheless zero”. Whereas he stated this of the Arab bloc through the Suez disaster, it is nonetheless more true about scientific cooperation.

It’s time to give the OIC a good burial and finish the fantasy that Comstech can function the middle of Muslim science. Among the many advantages, Comstech’s workers might be put to good use selling science in Pakistan with the constructing was a public science library or science Exploratorium the place Pakistani kids might be launched to the wonders of science.

If Muslim states have paid no consideration to the ummah, non-state actors have paid even much less. They’ve slaughtered tens of hundreds of co-religionists. The Afghan Taliban and the Pakistani Taliban are like two wings of the identical chicken. One kills Afghan Muslims, the opposite kills Pakistani Muslims. One finds shelter in Pakistan, the opposite in Afghanistan. The militant IS group appears to be in all places and kills with even much less concern. There is no such thing as a signal any of them will fade away quickly.

There’s a approach for Muslim states and peoples to maneuver ahead. This can require creating robust democratic establishments based mostly on equal rights for all residents, encouraging the participation of ladies in public life, and respecting equally all Muslim sects in addition to different religions, offering area and freedom to people and schooling for all based mostly on science and cause.

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